Some small languages are also on the verge of extinction. This is because non-native English users must keep in mind several English grammar rules in order to use English as a Second Language effectively. Most of its export earnings come from the textile industry. Even after years of investments, reforms and promises, the education sector remains weak in Pakistan. Five languages have more than 10 million speakers each in Pakistan – Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Saraiki and Urdu.Almost all of Pakistan's languages belong to the Indo-Iranian group of the Indo-European language family.. Pakistan's national language is Urdu.It is also proposed to be the co-official languages along with English. language for East Pakistan. Contains detailed accounts of promoting and managing language policy and research papers on the development, implementation and effects of language policy in all regions of the world and under different … The students have to face lot of problems in speaking English as a second language (ESL). Population and Sample The population was the students of +1 in the State Board Schools in Thoothukudi district, Tamil Nadu. The territory of present day Pakistan has witnessed the rise and fall of countless empires, which have contested this land from as early as 550BCE, when the Achaemenid Empire controlled vast swathes of Asia, Arabian and Northern Africa. by Editor's Mail, (Last Updated July 21, 2020) Language is the source of knowledge and communication. The much debated human rights issues which were previously ignored are now being attended to, which is clearly evident from the recent passing of a human rights bill. The population explosion which began in the 1970's has become one of the foremost problems in India up to the present day. English as a Second Language can be very tricky for non-native English users. Issues. From the population, 400 students comprised of 207 boys and 193 girls were selected as sample, following stratified random sampling technique. There are some other major languages of Pakistan that are: Pakistani languages Languages Percentage of speakers Punjabi 44.15 Pashto 15.42 Sindhi 14.10 Siraiki 10.53 Urdu 7.57 Balochi 3.57 Other 4.66 Source: Census 2001: 107 English is the official language of Pakistan. I believe that judicial system is the backbone of a country, and Western influence has encourage Pakistan to develop a more robust judicial system. Pakistan - Pakistan - Daily life and social customs: Throughout Pakistan, as in most agrarian societies, family organization is strongly patriarchal, and most people live with large extended families, often in the same house or family compound. Pakistan is an Islamic state. No, any trepidation comes only from my inexperience and newness in working as an editor for Language Issues. This is done first by historically reviewing the English language education policies since Pakistan's independence in 1947, looking particularly at policy objectives, implementation strategies and outcomes, and the rationale for policy change. The years between 1947 and 1971 were traumatic and highly destabilizing for the integration of federation. The breakup of Pakistan in 1971 can be explained in pt by a failure of understanding on the part of the West Pakistani leadership of Pakistan, a seeming inability to recognize what the meaning of Pakistan was for Bengalis, and thus the cause of the demand for Bengali as a state language equal to Urdu. “Most of Pakistan’s language problems grew out of regional linguistic groups’ taking umbrage at the state’s insistence on making Urdu the national language. Get PDF (79 KB) Abstract. Pakistan is a developing country. Thus, situating the current language policy and planning in Pakistan, the present study will aim at critiquing the language policy from the prism of linguistic and cultural diversity. This paper aims to critically examine the trends, issues and challenges in policy and practice of English language education in Pakistan. Language issues. Based on an in-depth sociolinguistic case study of language planning in Pakistan, this book examines the extent of the linguistic support in Urdu, English or the mother tongue available to students to cope with their courses in higher education. Pakistan is no more an agricultural economy, or feudalism never came to India/Pakistan etc),yet you cannot help appreciating the depth of his knowledge and the insight he provides. Pakistan, Chile, and Nepal. The problems that are deep-rooted in the education system in Pakistan are lower budgetary allocation, memorization-based examination system, defective policies, implementation, lack of teacher quality, disoriented educational policy, directionless educational priorities, lack of political will, outdated curriculum, clumsy management, poor research and lack of uniformity. development in Pakistan: Issues, challenges and possible solutions1 Fauzia Shamim Introduction English as the language for development has dominated the political and official discourse in Pakistan as in other developing countries for a long time now. There is a lack of political stability, a huge increase in violence and terrorism activities and social unrest. Pakistan is home to many dozens of languages spoken as first languages. Keywords: English language teachers, school systems, Pakistan Introduction Our vast and varied experience of working with teachers of English from diverse backgrounds within Pakistan in particular and the developing English is still official language of Pakistan as it was when British ruled in the subcontinent. It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social issues. The MDGs have laid down two goals for education sector: Goal 2: The goal 2 of MDGs is to achieve Universal Primary Education (UPE) and by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary … By Saira Hassan and Mumtaz Ahmed. Due to the problems in education system of Pakistan, the country is lagging behind in achieving its MDGs of education. If you want to read only one book on the political economy of Pakistan, then read Issues in Pakistan Economy written by Akbar Zaidi. Its economy is weak. However the subsequent … The current paper studies the latest language policy of Pakistan and its implications for local languages. The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. The overarching problem in this regard was the government’s unaccommodating language policies” (Ayres 2003: 57). Presents papers that deal with the widest range of cases, situations and regions. Ali Abbas reviews the long-standing issues with education in Pakistan. Due to a lack of foreign investment and internal struggles, poverty and underdevelopment remain important issues in Pakistan. Due to Islamic and tribal influences, non-urban regions of Pakistan have varying levels of gender segregation, while big cities too have conservative expectations in terms of interactions between men and women. Helps build a sound theoretical understanding of issues in language policy and educational policy. Language policy, multilingualism and language vitality in Pakistan. Language barriers hinder learning in Pakistan, say experts "Are childr­en from either govern­ment or privat­e sector school­s gettin­g a half way decent educat­ion?” By Our Correspondent However, there are complex issues and challenges associated with this scenario. Hence this study involved data collection through survey method. This article contains major and minor issues related to Pakistan Major Issues Corruption, unemployment, Populations, Transportation, Water issues, Political Failure, Judicial System, Mass Media, Economic issues, Target killing, Environmental Issues, Education, Power shortage, International interference, FATA reforms, Education system, Food Insecurity, Sanitation, corona problems It is only by promoting additive multilingualism that Pakistani languages will gain vitality and survive as cultural capital rather than cultural stigma. This eventually became a political movement in 1952, however, its subsequent handling led to violent conflicts with security forces and ultimately triggered sequential events, which resulted in the dismemberment of Pakistan in 1971. little variation in terms of the issues and challenges across the three categories. The people are friendly, but gender segregation still exists. You may not agree with few of his assertions ( i.e. Most languages in Pakistan belong to the Indo-Iranian language group, including Urdu, the national language. The India-Pakistan war in 1965 pushed the language issue to the background for only a short while, but the second war with Pakistan in 1971 compounded this effect. People speak reasonably good English and have a good level of understanding. Pakistan History, Language and Culture History of Pakistan. The language issue has been one of the most contentious issues in the political, legal and constitutional history of Pakistan since its inception. This study investigates the problems, fears and hindrances in using English language as a speaking tool in and outside class room. Issues of English Language Learners in Communication at Intermediate Level in Pakistan . problems in learning a second language. Pakistan is adopting Urdu as its official language, but with many people not speaking it, the move is proving divisive, as the BBC's Ilyas Khan reports. By Aroosa Shaukat A) MDGs and Pakistan. Economic development also remains uncertain because of Pakistan’s dependence on agricultural production and its reliance on foreign oil supplies. Current Literacy Rate in Pakistan 2020 (Updated) As of January 2020, Pakistan vows to raise literacy rate from 58% to 70% in four years by providing school access to approximately 22.8 million students, improving the education system for all age groups through the application of modern technological resources.. 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